Pacific Science 36 (1982)

Pacific Science 36, no. 1

The Impact of the Prehistoric Polynesians on the Hawaiian Ecosystem
Patrick V. Kirch, 1-14

Photographic Investigations on Three Seamounts in the Gulf of Alaska
Paul A. Raymore, Jr., 15-34

Beach Erosion at Waimea Bay, Oahu, Hawaii
J. F. Campbell and D. J. Hwang, 35-43

Anchor Species and Epiphytes in Intertidal Algal Turf
Joan G. Stewart, 45-59

Mass Expulsion of Zooxanthellae by Easter Island Corals
Alfredo Cea Egafia and Louis H. Disalvo, 61-63

Some Effects of Light on Coral Growth
Ariel A. Roth, Conrad D. Clausen, Paul Y. Yahiku, Venus E. Clausen, and Walter W. Cox, 65-81

The Reef Coral Astreopora (Anthozoa, Scleractinia, Astrocoeniidae): A Revision of the Taxonomy and Description of a New Species
Austin E. Lamberts, 83-105

Distribution Patterns of Terrestrial Hermit Crabs at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands
H. M. Page and S. W. Willason, 107-117

A Review of the Monotypic Indo-Malayan Labrid Fish Genus Xenojulis
John E. Randall and Thomas A. Adamson, 119-126

Note on the Fossil Garcinia laddii Fosberg
A. J. G. H. Kostermans, 127

Pacific Science 36, no. 2

Basking Behavior of the Hawaiian Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas)
G. C. Whittow and G. H. Balazs, 129-139

Speciation and Evolution of Marine Fishes Studied by the Electrophoretic Analysis of Proteins
James B. Shaklee, Clyde S. Tamaru, and Robin S. Waples, 141-157

Three New Labrid Fishes of the Genus Coris from the Western Pacific
John E. Randall and Rudie H. Kuiter, 159-173

Cantherhines longicaudus, A New Filefish from Oceania, with a Review of the Species of the C. fronticinctus Complex
J. Barry Hutchins and John E. Randall, 175-185

Larval Ascaridoid Nematodes from Fishes near the Hawaiian Islands, with Comments of Pathogenicity Experiments
Thomas L. Deardorff, Michael M. Kliks, Mitchel E. Rosenfeld, Robert A. Rychlinski, and Robert S. Desowitz, 187-201

New Habitat Report for Maldivia triunguiculata (Borradaile) (Brachyura, Xanthidae), a Facultative Symbiont of Porites lobata Dana in Hawaii
Stephen L. Coles, 203-209

Notes on Indo-Pacific Scleractinian Corals. Part 9. New Corals from the Galapagos Islands
John W. Wells, 211-219

Inheritance of Rugose Leaf in Desmodium
K. H. Chow, 221-228

The Effect of Temperature and Light on Metrosideros polymorpha Seed Germination
Philip J. Burton, 229-240

Distribution, Morphology, and Geochemistry of Manganese Nodules from the Valdivia 13/2 Area, Equatorial North Pacific
G. P. Glasby, G. Friedrich, T. Thijssen, W. L. Plüger, H. Kunzendorf, A. K. Ghosh, and G. S. Roonwal, 241-263

Pacific Science 36, no. 3: Cephalopod Expedition of the Alpha Helix

THIS ISSUE OF Pacific Science is devoted to papers resulting from the Cephalopod Expedition of the R/V Alpha Helix in October-November 1979. Because of the diverse cephalopod fauna available, the local expertise with these animals, and previous experience in the area, the central islands of the Republic of the Philippines were selected as the research area (Figure 1). The combination of sheltered waters, the unique shipboard laboratory, and biologists from around the world made it possible to explore many problems heretofore unapproachable. Some of the results of these investigations are reported here.

With the advantage of retrospection, it is easy to see how minor events shaped major changes in the original conception of this joint research effort and eventually led to a much broader concept than was originally intended. This cruise, which came to be the last cruise of the R/V Alpha Helix program of the National Science Foundation, began rather casually as a conversation between Peter Hochachka and myself in 1975 after we had participated in the Nautilus cruise organized by James Redmond that same year. We agreed that it would be valuable to assemble a group of diverse specialists to look at several poorly understood areas of cephalopod biology. We envisioned a united effort to “bring the cephalopods into the twentieth century” that would cross traditional lines of approach and attempt to bring about at least some synthesis beyond the rigid fields within biology. With these ideals in mind, we began to compile a list of scientists who could bridge disciplinary gaps. We quickly realized that there were far more unknown areas than potential investigators, and despite the fact that we did not limit ourselves to people with previous interests in cephalopods, we were hard-pressed to take the broad approach desired. In the final scientific complement, fifteen of the twenty berths originally available were filled with people who worked primarily on some aspect of cephalopod biology.

Originally, we planned to maximize the impact of the results of the cruise by asking everyone to publish together in one place, but for various reasons, this goal was not achieved. Thus, the papers included here reflect only a part of the work done during the cephalopod biology cruise in the central Visayan Islands of the Republic of the Philippines.

Of course, the efforts of even the best scientists will inevitably come to nothing unless the support personnel and facilities are adequate and congenial. All the scientific participants join me in expressing our appreciation for the help of the management personnel at Scripps Institute of Oceanography, the crew of the ship, the splendid cooperation we received from many, many people of the Philippine Islands, and the support of the National Science Foundation. Our results are due to the collaborative efforts of all the people involved. This issue is therefore dedicated to all the people who made this cruise successful.

This was the last of the Alpha Helix programs of the National Science Foundation. We take the opportunity to thank the National Science Foundation for its support of the Alpha Helix concept over the previous decade. May there arise from the ashes of the Alpha Helix program a conceptual phoenix in expeditionary biology that surpasses even Per Scholander’s original inspiration.

JOHN M. ARNOLD, CHIEF SCIENTIST
Honolulu, 19 March 1982

Foreword
John M. Arnold, 265 (see text above)

A Note on the Structural Organization of the Cardiac Myofiber in Nautilus pompilius
James A. Dykens, Charlotte P. Mangum, and John M. Arnold, 267-271

The Nautilus Siphuncle as an Ion Pump
Charlotte P. Mangum and David W. Towle, 273-282

The Biomechanics of the Arteries of Nautilus, Nototodarus, and Sepia
John M. Gosline and Robert E. Shadwick, 283-296

Vascular Resistance in the Isolated Gills of Octopus macropus and Nautilus pompilius
James R. Redmond and George B. Bourne, 297-303

A Cephalopod Approach to Rethinking about the Importance of the Bohr and Haldane Effects
G. Lykkeboe and K. Johansen, 305-313

Some Catalytic and Regulatory Properties of Pyruvate Kinase from the Spadix and Retractor Muscles of Nautilus pompilius
Jeremy H. A. Fields, 315-324

Arginine, Glutamate, and Proline as Substrates for Oxidation and for Glycogenesis in Cephalopod Tissues
P. W. Hochachka and J. H. A. Fields, 325-335

Glucose and Proline Metabolism in Nautilus
J. H. A. Fields and P. W. Hochachka, 337-341

The Fate of Arginine and Proline Carbon in Squid Tissues
T. P. Mommsen, C. J. French, B. Emmett, and P. W. Hochachka, 343-348

Correlations between Enzyme Profiles in Cephalopod Muscle and Swimming Behavior
John Baldwin, 349-356

An Immunochemical Study of Structural and Evolutionary Relationships among Molluscan Octopine Dehydrogenases
John Baldwin, 357-363

Sperm Morphology and Development in Two Acoel Turbellarians from the Philippines
Barbara Conta Boyer and George W. Smith, 365-380

The Properties and Functions of Alanopine Dehydogenase and Octopine Dehydrogenase from the Pedal Retractor Muscle of Strombidae (Class Gastropoda)
J. Baldwin and W. R. England, 381-394

The Influence of Symbiotic Dinoflagellates on Respiratory Processes in the Giant Clam Tridacna squamosa
C. P. Mangum and K. Johansen, 395-401

On the Relationship between P50 and the Mode of Gas Exchange in Tropical Crustaceans
Charlotte P. Mangum, 403-410

Pacific Science 36, no. 4

Age and Petrology of the Kalaupapa Basalt, Molokai, Hawaii
David A. Clague, Chen Dao-gong, Richard Murnane, Melvin H. Beeson, Marvin A. Lanphere, G. Brent Dalrymple, Walter Friesen, and Robin T. Holcomb, 411-420

Annual Precipitation on the Island of Hawaii between 1890 and 1977
Robert D. Doty, 421-425

Status and Distribution of Ants in the Crater District of Haleakala National Park
Joan H. Fellers and Gary M. Fellers, 427-437

The Hydrozoan Cladonema in California: A Possible Introduction from East Asia
John T. Rees, 439-444

Responses of Five Holothurian Species to Attacks by a Predatory Gastropod, Tonna perdix
Roy K. Kropp, 445-452

Review of Hawaiian Pinnidae and Revalidation of Pinna exquisita Dall, Bartsch, and Rehder, 1938 (Bivalvia: Mytiloida)
Joseph Rosewater, 453-458

Caridean Shrimps of the Gulf of California. I. New Records, with Some Remarks on Amphiamerican Distribution
Rubén Ríos and Alberto Carvacho, 459-465

Effects of Differential Fish Grazing on the Community Structure of an Intertidal Reef Flat at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands
Alan C. Miller, 467-482

Monograph of Trematolobelia (Lobeliaceae). Hawaiian Plant Studies 107
Harold St. John, 483-506

Abstracts of Papers. Seventh Annual Albert L. Tester Memorial Symposium, 15-16 April 1982
507-517

Pacific Science 36, Index

519

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